CURRENT VIEW: BY ERA












































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Felix Longoria
"that is discrimination against a poor human being"

Excerpts from the Long Telegram by  George Kennan
(02/1946)

"confidence in the local currency has been severely shaken"

The Méndez Case: Brown v. Board of Education for Mexican Americans by  Méndez et al. v. Westminster School District
(02/18/1946)

"segregation in the defendant school districts foster antagonisms in the children"

Address to a Joint Session of Congress, March 12, 1947 by  Harry S. Truman
(03/12/1947)

"Greece is today without funds"

Testimony of J. Edgar Hoover before HUAC (exceprts) by  J. Edgar Hoover
(03/26/1947)

"stands for the destruction of our American form of government"

The Marshall Plan Speech by  George Marshall
(06/1947)

"I need not tell you that the world situation is very serious"

The Sources of Soviet Conduct by  George Kennan
(07/1947)

"Soviet power as we know it today is the product of ideology and circumstances"

Marshall Plan
(06/05/1947)

"The rehabilitation...of Europe...will require a much longer time...than had been foreseen."

CIA Weekly Summaries regarding the Soviet Blockade by  U.S. Central Intelligence Agency
(1948 to 1949)

"still some possibility that the U.S.S.R. is interested in finding a compromise"

Press Release For Executive Order No. 9981, Establishing the President's Committee On Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces by  Harry S. Truman
(07/26/1948)

"There shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services."

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
(12/10/1948)

"...inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family..."

North Atlantic Treaty
(04/04/1949)

"The Parties to this Treaty reaffirm their faith in...the Charter of the United Nations and their desire to live in peace with all peoples and all governments."

Senator Joseph McCarthy's Speech on Communists in the State Department (excerpts) by  Joseph McCarthy
(02/1950)

"a time when all the world is split into two vast, increasingly hostile armed camps"

NSC-68: Excerpts by  U.S. National Security Council
(04/14/1950)

"has experienced two global wars of tremendous violence"

Desegregation of Texas Institutions of Higher Education
(06/05/1950)

"We cannot find substantial equality in the educational opportunities offered white and Negro law students by the State."

Excerpts of CIA memoranda and weekly summaries by  U.S. Central Intelligence Agency
(07/08/1950)

"gain political advantages for the further expansion of Communism"

The Bracero Program and Undocumented Workers by  President's Commission on Migratory Labor
(1951)

"he may be given enough to buy shoes or clothing"

The Bracero Program and Undocumented Workers by  Testimony Before Congress
(1951 to 1952)

"I don't stay there because I can't make any money"

Dennis v. United States
(1951)

"Courts must ask whether the gravity of the "evil"...justifies such invasion of free speech as necessary to avoid the danger."

The Rosenbergs On Trial for Atomic Espionage: Summations by the Defense and Prosecution
(03/1951)

Judge Kaufman's Statement Upon Sentencing the Rosenbergs for Atomic Espionage by  Judge Irving Kaufman
(04/05/1951)

"I consider your crime worse than murder."

Operation Wetback by  George Stith
(1952)

"there were about 25,000 Mexican nationals hired in 1949"

Operation Wetback by  Juanita Garcia
(1952)

"the ranchers and companies have always taken over"

Youngstown v. Sawyer
(1952)

"There is no statute that expressly authorizes the President to take possession of property as he did here."

Recommendations on the Bracero Program by  American GI Forum of Texas and Texas State Federation of Labor
(1953)

"must learn not to become infected with the panic"

House Concurrent Resolution 108
(1953)

"To end their status as wards of the United States"

The Supreme Court Overturns the Exclusion of Mexican Americans from Juries
(05/03/1954)

"after a hearing, the trial court denied the motions…"

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954) by  Chief Justice Earl Warren
(05/17/1954)

"We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place."

Montgomery Bus Boycott by  Martin Luther King, Jr.
(12/05/1955)

"But we are here in a specific sense, because of the bus situation in Montgomery."

Khrushchev's Address to the 20th Party Congress (excerpt) by  Nikita Khrushchev
(02/1956)

"execution without trial"

Soviet Fires Satellite into Space
(10/05/1957)

"The Soviet Union said the world's first satellite was 'successfully launched' yesterday."

The CIA and Guatemala
(1994)

"The disappearance of the Communist regime from Guatemala will leave behind...chaos which must be rectified by American aid."