by Alfred T. Mahan (1890)
"Whoever rules the waves rules the world."
The Annexation Of Hawaii: Excerpts from the Blount Report
"...Until the people of the islands...voluntarily apply for admission into the Union."
The Hawaiian Situation: The Invasion of Hawaii
by Eugene Tyler Chamberlain (12/1893)
"The Queen was dethroned and the oligarchy established by proclamation."
A Plea for Annexation
by John Stevens (12/1893)
"These beautiful and sunny isles...must and will be improved and governed by an intelligent and powerful race."
The Hawaiian Situation: Our Present Duty
by William M. Springer (12/1893)
"We have no more right to overthrow a monarchy in Hawaii...than we have to overthrow a monarchy in Canada or Great Britain, or Russia or Turkey, or Spain..."
Grover Cleveland on the Overthrow of Hawaii's Royal Government
by Grover Cleveland (12/18/1893)
by William McKinley (1898)
"The war in Cuba is of such a nature that short of subjugation or extermination a final military victory for either side seems impracticable."
First Open Door Note
by John Hay (09/06/1899)
"Will in no way interfere with any...vested interest within any..."sphere of interest"...it may have in China.
Decision on the Philippines
by William McKinley (1900)
"When next I realized that the Philippines had dropped into our laps, I confess I did not know what to do with them."
by Elihu Root (03/02/1901)
"...demanding that the Government of Spain relinquish its authority and government in the island of Cuba"
First-Hand Experience of the San Francisco Earthquake
by Emma Burke (1906)
"The shock came, and hurled my bed against an opposite wall."