Image from the Emancipation Proclamation America's reconstruction: Peoples and Politics After the Civil War
Emancipation Black Soldiers Rehearsal for Reconstruction A New Birth of Freedom: Reconstruction During the Civil War

President Abraham Lincoln, 1862

President Abraham Lincoln, 1862.
(Neg. #B53321, from the Collections of Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village,
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On December 8, 1863, President Lincoln offered a preliminary plan to reunite Confederate states with the Union.

Known as the 10 Percent Plan, Lincoln's proposal offered lenient terms of pardon and amnesty to Confederates who swore allegiance to the United States, but it did not give former slaves any citizenship rights.

Read "How shall we End the Rebellion...Coax it, or Crush it?"

Copyright 2003
A New Birth of Freedom: Reconstruction During the Civil War The Meaning of Freedom: Black and White Responses to Slavery From Free Labor to Slave Labor Rights and Power: The Politics of Reconstruction Introduction The Ending of Reconstruction Epilogue: The Unfinished Revolution Additional Resources Credits for this Exhibit Digital History Home