Building the Black Community: The School
Education, denied them under slavery, was essential to the African-American understanding of freedom. Young and old, the freedpeople flocked to the schools established after the Civil War.
both races, Reconstruction laid the foundation for public schooling in
also witnessed the creation of the nation's first black colleges, including
Howard University in Washington, D.C., Fisk University in Tennessee and
Hampton Institute in Virginia.
Before the Civil War, only North Carolina among Southern states had established a comprehensive system of education for white children. During Reconstruction, public education came to the South.