Digital History>eXplorations>Japanese American Internment>Internment Resources>Chart Showing Relocation Center Population Data

See also: Map showing Department of Justice Internment Camps and Relocation Centers

Eleanor Roosevelt at Gila River, Arizona at Japanese,American Internment Center, 04/23/1943
Item from Collection FDR-PHOCO: Franklin D. Roosevelt Library Public Domain Photographs, 1882 - 1962

Statistics

State
Name of Camp
Opened
Closed
Total Time Open
Peak Population
Arkansas  Rohwer Sept. 18, 1942
Nov. 30, 1945 3 years, 3 mos. 8,475

Jerome

Oct. 6, 1942
June 30, 1944
1 year, 8 mos 8,497

Arizona  Poston May 8, 1942 Nov. 28, 1945 3 years, 6 mos. 17,814
Gila River July 20, 1942 Nov. 10, 1945 3 years, 4 mos. 13,348

California  Tule Lake May 27, 1942
Mar. 20, 1946 3 years, 10 mos. 18,789

Manzanar

Mar. 21, 1942
Nov. 21, 1945 3 years, 8 mos. 10,046

Colorado Amache
(aka Granada)
Aug. 27, 1942
Oct. 15, 1945 3 years, 2 mos. 7,318
           
Idaho Minidoka Aug. 10, 1942
Oct. 28, 1945 3 years, 2 mos. 10,046
           
Utah Topaz Sept.11, 1942
Oct. 31, 1945 3 years, 1 mos. 8,130
           
Wyoming Heart Mountain Aug. 12, 1942
Nov. 10, 1945 3 years, 3 mos. 10,767

Total People under WRA control 120,313

In all, 120,313 people were under WRA control.

  • 90,491 were transfered from assembly centers
  • 17,491 were taken directly from their homes
  • 5,918 were born to imprisoned parents
  • 1,735 were transferred from INS internment camps
  • 1,579 were moved here after being sent from assembly centers to work crops
  • 1,275 were transfered from penal and medial institutions
  • 1,118 were taken from Hawaii
  • 219, mostly non-Japanese spouses, entered voluntarily.

Of these 120,313:

  • 54,127 returned to the West Coast after their incarceration
  • 52,798 relocated to the interior
  • 4,724 moved (or were moved) to Japan
  • 3,121 were sent to INS internment camps
  • 2,355 joined the armed forces
  • 1,862 died during imprisonment
  • 1,322 were sent to institutions
  • 4 were classified as "unauthorized departures."

Source: Roger Daniels, Sandra Taylor, and Harry Kitano (Eds.) ; Japanese Americans, from Relocation to Redress; University of Utah Press; Salt Lake City, Utah; 1986.

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