Cotton gin in use, DeBow's Review, October 1867.

Cotton gin in use,
DeBow's Review, October 1867.
(Library of Congress)

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Learn more about the cotton industry in New Orleans

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Despite the changes wrought by emancipation, cotton production in the South remained much the same as before.

As depicted in an illustration from DeBow's review, black laborers working with animal-powered cotton gins cleaned the harvested cotton, then baled it for shipment to market.

The article in which the illustration appeared, "In Lieu of Labor," urged postwar Southern farmers to rely more on machinery and less on contract laborers.


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A New Birth of Freedom: Reconstruction During the Civil War he Meaning of Freedom: Black and White Responses to Slavery From Free Labor to Slave Labor Rights and Power: The Politics of Reconstruction Introduction The Ending of Reconstruction Epilogue: The Unfinished Revolution Additional Resources Credits for this Exhibit