Farewell to Home and Friends

From a stereograph copyright 1905
by Underwood & Underwood, NY

Close of kin to us are the Scandinavians, not only in race, but in thought and in ideals. More than any other element do they blend quickly and thoroughly with our national life.

 Some immigrants planned to work temporarily in the United States and then return to Europe. Many Italians and Poles and peole from Slavic counries did not emigrate as families, and a high proportion returned to the Old World. Others, including the Irish, Jews, and Czechs fleeing economic and political oppression, came with their families intending to settle permanently. But whether they arrived as individuals or as members of families, immigrants sought out family, friends, and ethnic communities to sustain them in the new society.

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