to Online Resources
Afghanistan Online is a privately owned, independent web site that
provides updated news and information on Afghanistan.
William Vollman, The New Yorker, May 15, 2000
Ansary, "An Afghan American Speaker"
Michael Creswell, "The United States Must Learn From the Soviet
War in Afghanistan"
Calls for careful study of reasons the Soviets failed in Afghanistan.
"Blundering into Afghanistan"
David Greenberg, Slate, September 19, 2001
B. Haldi, "Why Afghanistan Will Not Be a Quagmire"
Unique characteristics differentiating the present conflict from past
the past, insecurity led many Americans to lash out against people of
different ethnicities. What historical lessons should we bear in mind
as we seek to deal with current threats? How can society best balance
a concern with security with personal freedom and civil liberties.
and Media: Media Coverage
the past six decades, the news media have had to respond to many shattering
events, from the attack on Pearl Harbor to the assassination of President
John F. Kennedy, the seizure of American diplomats in Iran, and the
explosion of the space shuttle Challenger. Is the current coverage more
or less restrained than coverage of previous events. Is it fairer or
more biased? Is it stirring or restraining ethnic animosities?
with the Muj
A visit to a radical religious school in Lehore, Pakistan by Jessica
Stern, a lecturer at Harvard UniversityÍs Kennedy School of
Government, an adjunct fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations,
and a member of the board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
times of crisis, Americans turn to their president for words of reassurance,
comfort, and resolve. Our president, unlike Britain's prime minister,
has multiple responsibilities: to serve as head of state, commander-in-chief,
and the symbolic leader of our country. A President must not only manage
our government, but also lead and inspire our citizens.
A website created by the Comparative Media Studies program at MIT
designed to spark
discussions and reflections about the media's role in covering the
events of 11
September 2001 and their aftermath.
Attacks 2001 Archive
The Internet Archive, in coordination with the Library of Congress,
webArchivist.org and Alexa Internet, have created an archive of information
on the terrorist attacks.
Broadcasts and critical commentary on coverage from television stations
History of Terrorism
Beverly Gage, "The First Wall Street Bomb"
Historical precedent to New York terror bombings.
Changing Face of Terrorism"
Slate, September 13, 2001
Page, "The 'Unimaginable' Has, in Fact, Often Been Imagined"
Predictions, in popular culture, of disasters in New York.
R. Shaffer: "The Osama bin Laden of 1916"
Earlier precedent in Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico.
Quarterly: Recent Terrorist Events
Briefing: The Terrorist Attack on America: Background -- Foreign Affairs
This special briefing from Foreign Affairs collects the full text
of ten previously published articles and thirteen book reviews that
"contribute to an understanding of the tragic attacks on New
York and Washington." The articles range from David Fromkin's
1975 "The Strategy of Terrorism," which gives the history
of terrorism and some governmental strategies for combatting it, to
Richard K. Betts' prescient 1998 "The New Threat of Mass Destruction,"
discussing the dangers of terrorist attacks on the US. Other writers
include Ahmed Rashid, Walter Laqueur, and Ashton Carter.