The Decision to Intern Japanese Americans
short, silent film from 1942 shows scenes of Japanese-Americans
being shipped out of California on their way to "internment."
23 seconds, format: AVI, file size: 5.6 M
involved in the incarceration:
the following figures who helped make the decision to intern Japanese
Major Karl R. Bendetsen, Chief of the Aliens
General Francis Biddle
General John L. De Witt
Advocate General Allen W. Gullion
of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr.
of War Henry L. Stimson
involved in Incarceration
Defense Command was an army command area consisting of eight
Civil Control Administration (WCCA) was responsible for the
"assembly centers" evacuation.
Relocation Authority (WRA) ran the concentration camps.
Read the following pieces of evidence and explain:
did the U.S. decide to relocate the entire west coast Japanese
was most responsible for this decision?
(Links open in a new window; close that window to return to this
on Pearl Harbor: Report of the Commission Appointed by the
President of the United States to Investigate and Report the
Facts Relating to the Attack Made by Japanese Armed Forces Upon
Pearl Harbor in the Territory of Hawaii on December 7, 1941
[Roberts Commission, named after U.S. Supreme Court Justice
Owen Roberts], January 23, 1942
by Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, January 26, 1942
by Representative Leland Ford, Republican of California,
Dec., 1941 & Jan, 1942
L. De Witt to Karl R. Bendetsen ,
Transcript of telephone conversation, January 30, 1942
Lippmann, “The Fifth Column,” Los Angeles Times,
February 13, 1942
Attorney General Earl Warren, February 21, 1942
Articles about Internment ,
March - May, 1942.
headlines from the Los Angeles Times, from December 1941
to February, 1942
Hugh T. Lavey, Catholic Maryknoll Center
L. De Witt to Karl R. Bendetsen, Transcript
of telephone conversation, January 30, 1942
of the California House of Representatives Delegation, January
General Francis Biddle to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson
February 12, 1942
General Francis Biddle to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
February 17, 1942
California. Japanese-Americans boarding bus for transportation
to reception center.
Russell Lee,photographer, 1942 May. Library of Congress.