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Civil War

Casualties and Costs of the Civil War

Troops Available for Duty (January 1) 
  Union Confederacy
1862 527,204 209,852
1863 698,808 253,208
1864 611,250 233,586
1865 620,924 154,910

1. Why did troop strength peak in 1863?

2. Do you think that the differences in troop strength were responsible for the war's outcome?

Deaths During the Civil War
Union Confederacy
Total forces 1,556,678 1,082,119
Deaths from Wounds 110,070 94,000
Deaths from Disease 249,458 164,000
Death Rate 23 percent 24 percent
Wounded 275,175 100,000

Deaths in American Wars  
Civil War  618,000
World War II  405,000
World War I  112,000
Vietnam War  58,000
Korean War  54,000
Mexican War  13,000
Revolution   4,000
Spanish-American War  2,000
War of 1812  2,000

Civil War Troops
Union Confederacy
1862 527,204 209,852
1863 698,808 253,208
1864 611,250 233,586
1865 620,924 154,910
Total Forces 1,556,678 1,082,119

Civil War Casualties
Union Confederacy
Death from wounds 110,070 94,000
Death from disease 249,458 164,000
Total death rate 23 percent 24 percent
Wounded 275,175 100,000 (approx.)

Cost of U.S. Wars 
 

Wartime Costs

Veterans'
Benefits

Interest
Payments
 

(in millions) 
American Revolution  $100-140 $28 $20
War of 1812  $87 $20 $14
Mexican War  $82 $26 $10
Civil War (Union only)  $2,300 $3,289 $1,200
Spanish-American  $270 $2,111 $60
World War I  $23,700 $13,856 $11,100
World War II  $260,000 $65,231 $200,000
Korea  $50,000 $11,391  
Vietnam  $140,600 $13,173  

1. How does the cost of the Civil War--in casualties and expense--compare to the cost of other American wars?

2. Why do you think that the Civil War was so lethal?

 

This site was updated on 23-Apr-14.

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