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Teaching Family History: An Annotated Bibliography

The Changing Family: A Chronological Approach

Over time, virtually every aspect of American family life has undergone far-reaching transformations. The family's roles and functions, organizational structure, demographic characteristics, emotional dynamics, and childrearing practices have changed profoundly over the past three centuries. So, too, has the American home, its design, furnishings, and technology. A chronological approach to family history underscores the ways that shifts in social values, health, and the nature of the economy have transformed the most intimate aspects of American life.

Overviews and Interpretations

Carl N. Degler, At Odds: Women and the Family in America from the Revolution to the Present (New York: Oxford University, 1980). Demonstrates that the "traditional" family--the emotionally-intense, child-centered unit consisting of a male breadwinner, a full-time mother, and their children--is a product of the pre-Civil War era.

John Demos, Past, Present, and Personal: The Family and the Life Course in American History (New York: Oxford University, 1986). Provocative interpretive essays on such topics as the history of adolescence, child abuse, fatherhood, and old age.

Steven Mintz and Susan Kellogg, Domestic Revolutions: A Social History of American Family Life (New York: Free Press, 1988). Argues that the only constants in the history of American family life have been diversity and change.

Handbooks and Research Guides

Joseph M. Hawes and Elizabeth I. Nybakken, Eds., American Families: A Research Guide and Historical Handbook (New York: Greenwood, 1991). Examines the history of the family as a scholarly discipline, the methodologies for the study of family history, the family in successive historical era, and the special topics of women and the family, African American families, Native American families, and immigrant and working class families.

Joseph M. Hawes and N. Ray Hiner, Eds., American Childhood: A Research Guide and Historical Handbook (New York: Greenwood, 1985). Analyzes aspects of childhood experience from the colonial era to the late twentieth century.


Robert V. Wells, Uncle Sam's Family (Albany: SUNY, 1985). An introduction to American demographic history, which discusses such topics as the "demographic transition" and migration.

Domestic Environment

Karen Calvert, Children in the House: The Material Culture of Early Childhood, 1600-1900 (Boston: Northeastern: 1994). Examines material artifacts to reconstruct the way that children were perceived and treated.

Clifford Edward Clark, The American Family Home, 1800-1960 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1986). Analyzes changes in architectural style and interior space, decor, and furnishings.

Historical Eras

Colonial Family Life

Barry Levy, Quakers and the American Family (New York: Oxford University, 1992). This study of Quaker families in the Delaware Valley from 1650 to 1765 argues that the Quaker emphasis on family privacy and child nurture set the pattern for American family ideology.

Jan Lewis, Pursuits of Happiness. Illustrates how a shift in sensibility reshaped relations within the homes of eighteenth century Virginia's planter elite.

Edmund Morgan, The Puritan Family (New York: Harper & Row, 1990). The classic study of religion and domestic relationships in Puritan New England.

Daniel Blake Smith, Inside the Great House (Ithaca: Cornell University, 1995). Traces the shift from a patriarchal, authority, and emotionally restrained family into a more intimate, child-centered family life in the colonial Chesapeake.

Helena M. Wall, Fierce Communion: Family and Community in Early America (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1995). Deliberating downplaying colonists' regional and religious diversity, this book stresses the high degree of community interference in disputes involving childrearing, marriage, and slander.

Nineteenth-Century Families

Mary P. Ryan, Cradle of the Middle Class (Cambridge University Press, 1980). A case study that illustrates how dramatically family life changed during the early nineteenth century.

Twentieth-Century Families

Elliott West, Growing Up in Twentieth-Century America: A History and Reference Guide (New York: Greenwood, 1996). Examines children's lives at home, at play, at work, and at school, along with changes in children's health and the legal treatment of childhood.

Contemporary Families

Judith Stacey, Brave New Families: Stories of Domestic Upheaval in Late Twentieth-Century America (Berkeley: University of California, 1998). Vivid descriptions of the new kinds of familial relationships not defined by biology or traditional gender roles.

Primary Sources

Robert H. Bremner, Ed., Children and Youth in America (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1970-1974). A documentary history of children's experience, childrearing, and public provision for children.

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America's Multicultural Families: A Comparative Approach

Since the seventeenth century, a diversity has been a hallmark of American family life. Family size and structure, roles and functions, and emotional and power dynamics have varied not only according to historical era, but also along class, ethnic, regional, and religious lines. A multicultural approach to family history allows teachers to underscore the extraordinary richness and complexity of the American mosaic.


Stephanie Coontz, Ed., American Families: A Multicultural Reader (New York: Routledge, 1998). Illustrates the wide variety of family forms, values, gender roles, and parenting practices that have prevailed in America across lines of race, ethnicity, class, geographical location and historical period.

African American


Jay David and Bill Adler, Eds., Growing Up Black (New York: Avon, 1992). A collection of childhood experiences by such figures as Booker T. Washington, Malcolm X, Ralph Abernathy, and Maya Angelou.

Overviews and Interpretations

Donna L. Franklin, Ensuring Inequality: The Structural Transformation of the African-American Family (New York: Oxford University, 1997). Traces the evolution of black family life from slavery to the present, highlighting the differences in black and white marriage and family patterns.

Herbert Gutman, Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925 (New York: Random House, 1977). Challenging the traditional view that slavery devastated the African American family, the book argues that most slave children grew up in two-parent households and that most slave marriages remained intact unless disrupted by sale.

Families Under Slavery

Wilma King, Stolen Childhood: Slave Youth in 19th Century America (Bloomington: Indiana University, 1995). Examines slave children's early entry into work; forms of play; religious experiences; and the punishments they experienced and their separation from families.

Ann Patton Malone, Sweet Chariot: Slave Family and Household Structure in Nineteenth-Century Louisiana (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1996). A detailed analysis of household composition in rural Louisiana from 1810 and 1864 demonstrates that slave households were diverse and highly adaptable.

Brenda E. Stevenson, Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South (New York: Oxford, 1997). A thorough examination of family life, gender roles, courtship, marriage, and parenting in Loudoun County, Virginia, from the 1730s through the 1850s, which argues that the harsh realities of slavery made it difficult for slaves to maintain nuclear families.

African American Families Today

Alex Kotlowitz, There Are No Children Here (Doubleday, 1991). The story of two boys struggling to survive in a Chicago public housing project.

Asian Americans


Maria Hong, Ed., Growing Up Asian American: An Anthology (New York: Avon Books, 1994). A collection of stories, essays, and excerpts from memoirs that examine childhood and adolescence across generational, class, and ethnic lines from the late nineteenth century.


Selma Cantor Berrol, Growing Up American: Immigrant Children in America Then and Now (New York: Twayne, 1995). Chronicles the experience of immigrant children from the eighteenth century to the present.



Harold Augenbraum and Alan Stavins, Eds., Growing Up Latino: Memoirs and Stories (New York: Houghton, Mifflin, 1993). Presents fictional and non-fictional accounts of coming of age by writers of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Latin American ancestry.

Joy L. De Jesus, Ed., Growing Up Puerto Rican: An Anthology (New York: Avon, 1998). Leading Puerto Rican writers portray the problems that beset the passage from childhood to adulthood.

Tiffany Ana Lopez, Ed., Growing Up Chicana/o (New York: Avon, 1994). Autobiographical essays and stories that examine the experiences of family life, discrimination, education, and rites of passage.


Robert Griswold Del Castillo, La Familia: Chicano Families in the Urban Southwest, 1848 to the Present (South Bend: University of Notre Dame, 1984).

Native American


Patricia Riley, Ed., Growing Up Native American: An Anthology (New York: Avon, 1994). Short stories, novel excerpts, and autobiographical essays examine Native American childhood and adolescence from the nineteenth century to the 1990s, including life in boarding schools and foster care and the transition from native languages to English.

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The Life-Cycle Approach

The objective of this approach is three-fold: to understand the differing ways that Americans have understood the life stages; to examine the changing experience of the stages of infancy, childhood, youth, early adulthood, middle age, and old age; and to explore the changing rituals of family life, such as courtship, and marriage.

Overview and Interpretations

Howard Chudacoff, How Old Are You? Age Consciousness in American Culture (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989). Examines the growing awareness of age and the way it has shaped entry into school, marriage, legal adulthood, and the work force.


Richard Meckel, Save the Babies: American Public Health Reform and the Prevention of Infant Mortality, 1850-1929 (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1998). An examination of the discovery of infant mortality as a social problem in the 1850s through the limited federal funding for infancy and maternity programs in the 1920s.


Priscilla Ferguson Clement, Growing Pains: Children in the Industrial Age, 1850-1890 (New York: Macmillan, 1997). Emphasizes diversity in children's experiences in family life, schooling, employment, and play, and the efforts of reformers and educators to improve children's well-being and create more uniform patterns of childhood.

Gary Cross, Kid's Stuff: Toys and the Changing Worlds of American Childhood (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1997). Traces the impact of commercialization on children's toys and the nature of play.

David Macleod, The Age of the Child: Children in America, 1890-1920 (New York: Macmillan, 1998). Emphasizes a tug of war between different conceptions of childhood, from the varied experiences of farm children and working-class urban youths to the Progressive reformers' ideal of a sheltered childhood.

Joseph M. Hawes, Children Between the Wars: American Childhood, 1920-1940 (New York: Macmillan, 1997). Examines the rise of the peer group, the emergence of the child guidance movement and the U.S. Children's Bureau, and the impact of Great Depression.

Elliott West, Growing Up with the Country: Childhood on the Far Western Frontier (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 1989). Describes the varieties of childhood experience along the overland trails, in mining towns of the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, and the farms of the Great Plains and Southwest from 1850 to 1900. Portrays children as a conservative force who encouraged parents to preserve pre-migration culture.

Elliott West and Paula Petrick, Eds., Small Worlds: Children and Adolescents in America (Lawrence: University of Kansas, 1992). Historical essays examine regional, class, gender, and ethnic diversity in childhood experience from 1850 to 1950.

Viviana Zelizer, Pricing the Priceless Child: The Changing Social Value of Children (Princeton: Princeton University, 1994).


Joe Austin and Michael Nevin Willard, Eds., Generations of Youth: Youth Cultures and History in Twentieth-Century America (New York: New York University Press, 1998). Examines cultural expressions of youth including hip-hop, fan clubs, dancing, low riding, and graffiti.

Michael Barson and Steven Heller, Teenage Confidential: An Illustrated History of the American Teen (Chronicle Books, 1997). Uses movie posters, comic books, advertising art, advice columns, and music paraphernalia to trace the evolution of the teenager from the "Kleen Teens" of the thirties.

William Graebner, Coming of Age in Buffalo (Philadelphia: Temple University, 1990). This study of growing up during the 1950s emphasizes the tension between the myth of youthful homogeneity and the multiplicity of youth cultures and the public and church-related efforts to socially engineer youthful experience.

Philip J. Greven, Jr., The Protestant Temperament (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1990). Identifies three distinct patterns of childrearing, rooted in three religious sensibilities, that pervade the period from the early seventeenth to the mid-nineteenth centuries.

Harvey Graff, Conflicting Paths: Growing Up in America (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1995). Demonstrates that there were multiple paths to growing up, shaped by class, gender, region, and time period.

Joseph Kett, Rites of Passage: Adolescence in America, 1790 to the Present (New York: Basic Books, 1977). Traces the expansion of adult control over youthful experience.

David Nasaw, Children of the City: At Work and At Play (New York: Oxford University, 1986). How urban working-class children shaped the conditions of their lives.

Grace Palladino, Teenagers: An American History (Basic Books, 1996). Argues that the teenager is a social invention of the Great Depression and World War II.

Young Adulthood

Beth Bailey, From Front Porch to Back Seat: Courtship in Twentieth-Century America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1989). Traces shifting patterns of middle-class courtship from the 1920s to the 1960s, with a special focus on the distribution of power between women and men.

Marlis Buchmann, The Script of Life in Modern Society: Entry into Adulthood in a Changing World (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1989). Comparing the experience of white high school graduates of 1960 and 1980, the book argues that the transition to adulthood has become more extended and individualized.

Paula Fass, The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s (New York: Oxford University, 1978). Examines the nature and extent of the rebellion of middle-class youth against Victorian traditions.

John Modell, Into One's Own: From Youth to Adulthood in the United States, 1920-1975 (Berkeley: University of California, 1989). Traces the rise and decline of dating, loosening constraints on sexuality, and the shifting meaning assigned to parenthood.

Ellen K. Rothman, Hands and Hearts: A History of Courtship in America (New York: Basic Books, 1984). Based on extensive documentary evidence, this volume argues that couples played a greater role in nineteenth century courtship and that sexuality was more freely expressed a greater role than previously thought.

Old Age

David Hackett Fischer, Growing Old in America (New York: Oxford University, 1978). Argues that economic circumstances and religious ideology contributed to a veneration of age in the American colonies, contrasting to the later adulation of youth.

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Women, Men, and The Family: A Gendered Approach

The family is not a unitary institution. It consists of a variety of familial roles, each of which has undergone profound change over time. One way to organize a course, or a module within a class, is to focus on the evolving roles of father and husband, wife and mother, daughter and sister, and son and brother.

Women Rima D. Apple and Janet Golden, Eds., Mothers & Motherhood (Columbus: Ohio State University, 1997). A collection of essays examining the social, cultural, demographic, medical, and political factors that have shaped the definition and experience of motherhood.

Joan J. Brumberg, The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls (New York: Vintage, 1998). Shows how popular culture and the mass media have exploited girls' sensitivity to their changing bodies and their appearance.

Elizabeth Ewen, Immigrant Women in the Land of Dollars (New York: Monthly Review, 1990). Examines women's lives and culture on Manhattan's Lower East Side from 1890 to 1925, and looks at how they responded to the pressures of Americanization.

Miriam Formanek-Brunell, Made to Play House (New Haven: Yale University, 1993). An examination of the creation, marketing, and use of dolls from 1830 to 1930.

Joan Jensen, Loosening the Bonds: Mid-Atlantic Farm Women (New Haven: Yale University, 1986). Examines the lives of rural women, primarily in the Philadelphia hinterland.

Susan Grey Osterud, Bonds of Community (Ithaca: Cornell University, 1991). Focuses on the nineteenth-century Naticoke Valley in New York, and examines the kinship networks, work patterns, courtship, childbirth, and community activities.

Kathy Peiss, Cheap Amusements: Working Women and Leisure in Turn-of-the-Century New York (Philadelphia: Temple University, 1986). This study shows how the rise of mixed-sex commercialized leisure activities eroded Victorian gender norms.

Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lies of Women in Northern New England, 1650-1750 (New York: Random House, 1991). Illustrates the diversity and richness of late seventeenth and early eighteenth century women's domestic and public lives.

Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, Based on Her Diary, 1785-1812 (New York: Random House, 1991). The diary of an eighteenth-century Maine midwife and healer shEds light on sexual mores, medical practices, and household economies on the rural New England frontier.


Robert Griswold, Fatherhood in America: A History (New York: Basic Books, 1993). Traces the shift from the Victorian patriarch to the modern American daddy; the rise and decline of the male breadwinner ideal; and shows how the experience of fatherhood has been shaped by class, ethnicity, economic forces, and cultural values.

E. Anthony Rotundo, American Manhood (New York: Basic Books, 1993). The history of boyhood and male adolescent and young adult experience.

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The Impact of Major Historical Events on American Families

The major events of American history--the Revolution, the Civil War, industrialization, immigration, and World War--have exerted a powerful influence on family life. A flourishing literature has explored the impact of some of these seminal events on familial and marital relations, gender roles, and childrearing practices. By using the family as a lens, it is possible to uncover the human meaning of the critical events of American history.

The Civil War

James Alan Marten, The Children's Civil War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1998). Examines how the war shortened childhood, influenced children's relations with their fathers, and altered children's literature and schoolbooks.

Emmy E. Werner, Children's Voices from the Civil War (Perseus, 1999). Diaries, letters, and reminiscences reveal the impact of the war on children's lives on the battlefield and home front.

The Family and the Great Depression

Glen H. Elder, Children of the Great Depression (Westview, 1998). Assesses the influence of the Depression on the life course of 167 Californians over two generations.

The Family and World War II

Beth Bailey and David Farber, The First Strange Place: Race and Sex in World War II Hawaii (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1994). Argues that wartime Hawaii prefigured many of complex social and cultural influences of the postwar world, especially shifts in gender roles.

Judy Barrett Litoff and David Smith, Eds., Since You Went Away: World War II Letters from American Women on the Home Front (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995). This collection of letters is organized around the themes of courtship, marriage, motherhood, work, and sacrifices.

William Tuttle, "Daddy's Gone to War": The Second World War in the Lives of American Children (New York: Oxford University, 1995). Examines how children dealt with absent fathers, working mothers, and family mobility, as well as children's games, entertainment, health, and welfare.

The Family During the 1950s

Wini Breines, Youth, White, and Miserable: Growing Up in the Fifties (Boston: Beacon, 1992). Traces the roots of the women's movement to women's experiences in the 1950s.

Stephanie Coontz, The Way We Never Were: American Families and the Nostalgia Trap (New York: Basic Books, 1993). Exposes the falseness of many illusions about families in the past.

Elaine Tyler May, Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era (Basic Books, 1988). Argues that the postwar emphasis on domestic tranquility was a response to Cold War fears and tensions.

Family Life Since 1960

Stephanie Coontz, The Way We Really Are: Ending the War Over America's Changing Families (New York: Basic Books, 1998). Argues that despite changes in structure, contemporary families are functioning more effectively than many people assume.

The Family and Public Policy

In recent years, a burgeoning literature has examined the historical roots of contemporary social policy debates over adoption, teenage pregnancy, divorce, domestic violence, and social welfare policies. This body of scholarship helps students to understand that the problems that our society encounters are not unprecedented, but that they were often perceived and understood in very different ways. This scholarship also allows students to evaluate the effectiveness of a variety of approaches to social problems.

Adolescent Pregnancy

Maris A. Vinovskis, An "Epidemic" of Adolescent Pregnancy? (New York: Oxford University, 1988). Places contemporary policy debates over adolescent pregnancy in historical perspective and shows that teenage pregnancy peaked in the 1950s.


E. Wayne Carp, Family Matters: Secrecy and Disclosure in the History of Adoption (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998). Traces the practice of and attitudes toward adoption from the colonial era to the present and reveals that confidentiality in adoption was a new innovation following World War II.

Children's Rights

Joseph Hawes, The Children's Rights Movement (Diane Pub. Co., 1999). A history of organized efforts to protect children and advocate their interests and assert their rights.


Janet Farrell Brodie, Abortion and Contraception in Nineteenth-Century America (Ithaca: Cornell University, 1997). Examines the changes in social values, contraceptives, and medical knowledge that produced a sharp drop in birth rates during the nineteenth century.


Regina G. Kunzel, Fallen Women, Problem Girls (New Haven: Yale University, 1993). A history of out-of-wedlock pregnancy from 1890 to 1945 that examines the rise of maternity homes and the transition from evangelical female benevolence to the scientific language of professional social work.

Eric C. Schneider, In the Web of Class: Delinquents and Reformers in Boston, 1810s-1930s (New York: New York University Press, 1992). Traces public and private efforts to address juvenile delinquency through congregate institutions, placement with farm families, and the juvenile court system.


Robert Griswold, Family and Divorce in California, 1850-1890 (Albany: SUNY, 1983). This study, based on 400 divorce cases, shEds light on the redefinition of male and female roles, sexuality,parenthood, and domestic violence.

Elaine Tyler May, Great Expectations: Marriage and Divorce in Post-Victorian America (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1983). Analyzes a thousand divorce cases to explain why divorce rates rose 20-fold between 1867 and 1929.

Roderick Phillips, Putting Asunder: A History of Divorce in Western Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University, ??). A monumental history that traces shifts in religious and secular attitudes, the evolution of divorce laws, and changing responses to marital breakdown.

Glenda Riley, Divorce: An American Tradition (Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1997). This history reveals the failure of restrictive laws to curb divorce and shows that the conflict between pro- and anti-divorce factions inhibited the development of processes to move spouses out of abusive, loveless, and unworkable marriages.

Domestic Violence

Linda Gordon, Heroes of their Own Lives: The Politics and History of Family Violence (New York: Viking Penguin, 1989). Uses the records of three Boston social agencies to show how the problems of spouse beating, physical abuse and neglect, and incest have been interpreted and dealt with in different ways at various times between 1880 and 1960.

Elizabeth Pleck,

Families and Public Policy

W. Norton Grubb and Marvin Lazerson, Broken Promises: How Americans Fail Their Children (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1988). Analyzes the development of public policies toward children since the early nineteenth century.

Family Law

Peter W. Bardaglio, Reconstructing the Household: Families, Sex, and the Law in the Nineteenth-Century South (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1998). Examines how southern law treated miscegenation, rape, incest, child custody, and adoption.

Michael Grossberg, Governing the Hearth (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1988). A comprehensive account of how courts treated marriage, adoption, illegitimacy, and other facets of family law.


Elaine Tyler May, Barren in the Promised Land (New York: Basic Books, 1996). Examines changing attitudes toward childlessness, compulsory sterilization, and adoption.

Orphanages and Foster Care

Kenneth Cmiel, A Home of Another Kind: One Chicago Orphanage and the Tangle of Child Welfare (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1995). Reveals the shifting functions of a Chicago orphanage--as a foster home for working class families in distress in the nineteenth century, as a group home for emotionally disturbed children during the 1950s, and as a residential center for severely maladjusted children during the 1960s.

Timothy A. Hacsi, Second Home: Orphan Asylums and Poor Families in America (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1997). Examines the rise and decline of orphanages run by churches, ethnic communities, charitable organizations, fraternal societies, and local and state governments.

Peter Halloran, Boston's Wayward Children: Social Services for Homeless Children, 1830-1930 (Cranbury, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University, 1989). A history of social services for impoverished and delinquent children in Boston from the 1830s to the Great Depression.

Nurith Zmora, Orphanages Reconsidered: Child Care Institutions in Progressive Era Baltimore (Philadelphia: Temple University, 1994). Argues that Baltimore's orphanages provided adequate food, hygiene, medical care, offered vocational training, and encouraged orphans to maintain close ties with relatives.


John D'Emilio and Estelle Freedman, Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America (Harper & Row, 1988). A survey of American sexual attitudes and behavior from the colonial era to the present.

Beth L. Bailey, Sex in the Heartland (Cambridge: Harvard University, 1999). Challenging the notion that the sexual revolution began among a bohemian subculture, this book examines how the economic and social dislocations of World War II, the expansion of the mass media, and government policies toward sexual transmitted diseases and the birth control pill contributed to the sexual revolution.

Roger Thompson, Sex in Middlesex: Popular Mores in a Massachusetts County (Amherst: University of Massachusetts, 1986). This examination of adolescent sexual behavior, courtship, and marital relations based on seventeenth-century county court records argues that patriarchal control was less restrictive than previously thought and that a distinctive youth had emerged by the late seventeenth century.

Single Parenthood

Linda Gordon, Pitied But Not Entitled.

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Writing One's Family History: A Genealogical Approach

While some students feel uneasy about discussing their family history publicly, many other students enjoy the process of reconstructing their familial roots. A genealogical approach not only allows students to undertake research about a subject they passionately care about, it also allows them to see how shifts in their family's naming patterns, marriage patterns, fertility and mortality rates mirror broader social and demographic transformations.

National Archives and Records Administration Genealogy Page

Provides genealogical research guides, genealogical data, and links to additional genealogical resources on the World Wide Web.

Online Resources

Model Syllabi

Peter Bardaglio, Goucher College
New Frontier: Coming of Age in Cold War America

Harvey Graff, University of Texas at San Antonio
Growing Up in America: Past, Present, and Future

John Kasson, University of North Carolina
Introduction to American Studies: American Identities

David Macleod, Central Michigan University
Growing Up in America

James Marten, Marquette University
"Childhood in America"

Miriam Reumann, Brown University
Home Front Culture During World War II

Alex Urbiel, Ramapo College
Childhood and Youth in 20th Century America

Primary Sources

WPA life histories
Slave Families

1930s and 1940s Nursery Schools

William A. Alcott, The Young Man's Guide (1836)

American Sunday School Books

Carlisle Indian Industrial School

Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl

New England Primer

Nineteenth-Century American Children and What They Read: Some of Their Magazines

Northern Great Plains: Fred Hultstrand and F.A. Pazandak Collections

Photographs of Lewis Hines


WPA Life Histories

Secondary Sources

Kenneth Cmiel, "A Nineteenth-Century Asylum," A Home of Another Kind (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1995)

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This site was updated on 17-Apr-14.

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