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Back to Hollywood's America

Ethnicity in American Film

General Works

  • Friedman, Lester D. Unspeakable Images: Ethnicity and the American Cinema. Urbana: Illinois, 1991.
  • Gevinson, Alan. Within Our Gates: Ethnicity in American Feature Films, 1911-1960. Berkeley: California, 1997.
  • Miller, Randall M. The Kaleidoscopic Lens: How Hollywood Views Ethnic Groups. Englewood: Ozer, 1980.
  • Pease, Donald E.  National Identities and Post-Americanist Narratives. Durham: Duke, 1994.
  • Toplin, Robert Brent. Hollywood as Mirror: Changing Views of "Outsiders" and "Enemies" in American Movies. Westport: Greenwood, 1993.
  • Woll, Allen L. and Randall M. Miller. Ethnic and Racial Images in American Film and Television. New York: Garland, 1988.

African Americans and Film


  • Gray, John. Blacks in Film and Television. New York: Greenwood, 1990.


  • Bogle, Donald. Blacks in American Films and Television. New York: Garland


  • Klotman, Phyllis Rauch and Gloria J. Gibson. Frame by Frame II: A Filmography of the African American Image. Bloomington: Indiana, 1997.
  • Richards, Larry. African American Films Through 1959. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1998.

African American Filmmaking

  • Dash, Julie. Daughters of the Dust: The Making of an African American Woman's Film. New York: New Press, 1992.
  • Lee, Spike. Five For Five: The Films of Spike Lee. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1991.
  • Walker, Alice. The Same River Twice. New York: Scribner, 1996.

History, Criticism, and Interpretation

  • Anderson, Lisa M. Mammies No More: The Changing Image of Black Women on Stage and Screen. Lanham: Rowman& Littlefield, 1997.
  • Berry, Venise T. and Carmen L. Manning-Miller. Mediated Messages and African American Culture. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1996.
  • Bobo, Jacqueline. Black Women as Cultural Readers. New York: Columbia, 1995.
  • Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. 3rd ed. New York: Continuum, 1994.
  • Bourne, Stephen. Blacks in the British Frame: Black People in British Film and Television, 1896-1996. London: Arts Council of England, 1998.
  • Cripps, Thomas R. Black Film as Genre. Bloomington: Indiana, 1978.
  • Cripps, Thomas R.  Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movies from World War II to the Civil Rights Era. New York: Oxford, 1992.
  • Cripps, Thomas R. Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942. Oxford: Oxford, 1993.
  • Diawara, Mathia. Black American Cinema. New York: Routledge, 1993.
  • Gaines, Jane M. Fire & Desire: Mixed-Race Movies in the Silent Era. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
  • George, Nelson. Blackface: Reflections on African Americans and the Movies. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
  • Grayson, Sandra M. Symbolizing the Past: Reading Sankofa, Daughters of the Dust, & Eve’s Bayou as Histories. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2000.
  • Guerrero, Edward. Framing Blackness: The African American Image in Film. Philadelphia: Temple, 1993.
  • James, Darius. That's Blaxploitation! New York: St. Martin's, 1995.
  • Jones, G. William. Black Cinema Treasures: Lost and Found. Denton: North Texas, 1991.
  • Klotman, Phyllis R., and Janet K. Cutler, eds.  Struggles for Representation: African American Documentary Film and Video. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1999.
  • Leab, Daniel J. From Sambo to Superspade: The Black Experience in Motion Pictures. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1975.
  • Martin, Michael T.  Cinemas of the Black Diaspora. Detroit: Wayne State, 1995.
  • Martinez, Gerald. What It Is, What It Was!: The Black Film Explosion of the '70s. New York: Hyperion, 1998.
  • Null, Gary. Black Hollywood: From 1970 to Today. Secaucus: Carol, 1993.
  • Reid, Mark A. Redefining Black Film. Berkeley: California, 1993.
  • Rhines, Jesse Algernon. Black Film, White Money. New Brunswick: Rutgers, 1996.
  • Ross, Karen. Black and White Media: Black Images in Popular Film and Television. Cambridge: Polity, 1996.
  • Sampson, Henry T. Blacks in Black and White. 2nd ed. Metuchen, 1995.
  • Sampson, Henry T.  That's Enough, Folks: Black Images in Animated Cartoons, 1900-1960. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1998.
  • Smith, Valerie. Not Just Race, Not Just Gender: Black Feminist Readings. New York: Routledge, 1998.
  • Smith, Valerie. Representing Blackness: Issues in Film and Video. New Brunswick: Rutgers, 1997.
  • Snead, James A.  White Screens, Black Images. New York: Routledge, 1994.
  • Taylor, Clyde. The Mask of “Art”: Breaking the Aesthetic Contract—Film and Literature. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1998.
  • Watkins, Samuel Craig. Representing: Hip Hop Culture and the Production of Black Cinema. Chicago: Chicago, 1998.
  • Willis, Sharon. High Contrast: Race and Gender in Contemporary Hollywood Film. Durham: Duke, 1997.
  • Yearwood, Gladstone Lloyd. Black Film as a Signifying Practice: Cinema, Narration and the African American Aesthetic Tradition. Trenton: Africa World Press, 2000.
  • Young, Lola. Fear of the Dark: "Race", Gender and Sexuality in the Cinema. London: Routledge, 1996.

Film Posters

  • Kisch, John. A Separate Cinema: Fifty Years of Black-Cast Posters. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1992.


This site was updated on 23-Jul-14.

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