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A Chronology of American History: 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th

16th Century

1507
Martin Waldseemuller's Cosmographiae Introductio is the first to call the New World America.

1513
April 2: Juan Ponce de Leon claims Florida for Spain.

1519
March: Hernando Cortes leads an expedition to Mexico.

September. 20: Fernando Magellan sets sail on the first expedition to circumnavigate the globe.

1526
Summer: Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon establishes the first European settlement in the present-day United States at San Migel de Guadalupe on the South Carolina coast.

1556
September 8: The Spanish establish the first permanent European colony in what is now the United States at St. Augustine, Florida.

1565
John Hawkins introduces smoking of tobacco into England.

1584
Richard Hakluyt's Discourse Concerning Western Planting argues that New World settlement would benefit England's economy by providing raw materials and markets and putting idle workers to work.

1587
The "Lost Colony." For the second time, English settlers establish a colony on Roanoke Island, off the coast of North Carolina. When a group of colonists returns from England with supplies in 1590, it finds no trace of the settlers; it only finds the word "Croatoan" carved on a tree.

1598
Juan de Onate begins Spanish settlement of what is now New Mexico.

 

This site was updated on 16-Apr-14.

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