A Chronology of American History:
15th | 16th | 17th
| 18th | 19th
Cosmographiae Introductio is the first to call the New
April 2: Juan Ponce
de Leon claims Florida for Spain.
March: Hernando Cortes
leads an expedition to Mexico.
September. 20: Fernando Magellan
sets sail on the first expedition to circumnavigate the globe.
Summer: Lucas Vazquez
de Ayllon establishes the first European settlement in the present-day
United States at San Migel de Guadalupe on the South Carolina
September 8: The Spanish
establish the first permanent European colony in what is now the
United States at St. Augustine, Florida.
John Hawkins introduces
smoking of tobacco into England.
Richard Hakluyt's Discourse
Concerning Western Planting argues that New World settlement
would benefit England's economy by providing raw materials and
markets and putting idle workers to work.
The "Lost Colony."
For the second time, English settlers establish a colony on Roanoke
Island, off the coast of North Carolina. When a group of colonists
returns from England with supplies in 1590, it finds no trace
of the settlers; it only finds the word "Croatoan" carved
on a tree.
Juan de Onate begins
Spanish settlement of what is now New Mexico.