Digital History>VirtualExhibits>Dear Madam>Resources

Resources for Catharine Macaulay and Mercy Warren

Catharine Macaulay

Women of History

Writings of Catharine Macaulay

Observations on the Reflections of the Right Hon. Edmund Burke on the Revolution in France (1790)

History of England from the Accession of James I to that of the Brunswick Line (1763-83).

Mercy Otis Warren

The Mercy Otis Warren Home Page

Mercy Warren Exhibit at the Massachusetts Historical Society 

Portrait of Catharine Macauley by Robert Pine

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)
by Robert Edge Pine
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1775
29 1/4 in. x 24 1/2 in. (743 mm x 622 mm)
Purchased, 1904
National Portrait Gallery, London
NPG 1357

This portrait shows Macaulay dressed as a Roman matron, reflecting her belief that the ancient Roman republic was the example to which England should aspire.


The Gilder Lehrman Collection: The Catharine Macaulay Graham Papers

The Catharine Macaulay Graham Papers (1763-1830) consist of approximately 190 items, mostly incoming correspondence to the English historian and radical supporter of colonial grievances. Macaulay corresponded sympathetically with American patriots such as John Adams, Ezra Stiles and Mercy Otis Warren. Her opposition to British colonial policy led the Boston Committee of Correspondence to send her official notification of the Boston Massacre. Writing to her on 15 April 1775, Stiles declared: "Our Fathers fled hither for Religion and Liberty: if extirpated from hence, we have no new World to flee to. God has located us here, and by this Location has com[m]anded us here to make a Stand, and see the Salvation of the Lord." This largely unpublished collection also includes Macaulay European correspondence and letters of her daughter, descendants and relatives.

Please contact Ms. Leslie Fields, Associate Curator for the Gilder Lehrman Collection, for more information (




Copyright Digital History 2018