Pham Van Dong

(March 1, 1906 - April 29, 2000) was an associate of Ho Chi Minh who helped establish the Indochinese Communist Party. He served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1954 through 1976, and was Prime Minister of reunified Vietnam from 1976 until he retired in 1986.

Mao Zedong

(December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976) was the chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death. Under his leadership, it became the ruling party of mainland China as the result of its victory in the Chinese Civil War and the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

Zhou Enlai

(March 5, 1898 – January 8, 1976), a prominent Chinese Communist leader, was Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death.

Ho Chi Minh

(May 19, 1890 - September 3, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary, statesman, Prime Minister (1954) and President (1954 - 1969) of North Vietnam.

Liú Shàoqí

(November 24, 1898 – November 12, 1969) was a leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the People's Republic of China.

Le Duan

(April 7, 1908 - July 10, 1986) was an original founder of the Indochina Communist Party, having been introduced to communism while he was a railroad worker during the 1920s. Le served on the North Vietnamese Central Committee under Ho Chi Minh, and directed the formation of an underground Communist organization in South Vietnam. He became first secretary of the party in 1960, officially becoming the most important person in the party other than Ho. After Ho's death, Le assumed leadership of North Vietnam and later united Vietnam. When South Vietnam became united with North Vietnam in 1976, Le became general secretary of the party.

General Nguyen Van Hieu

(1931 - July 14, 1998) He was born in Tientsin, Chin and then immigrated with his family to Saigon, Vietnam when the Communists took over Shanghai in 1949. He was the Republic of Vietnam's Chief of Police. He was depicted summarily executing Nguyen Van Lem, a Vietcong agent, in front of an NBC cameraman and Associated Press photographer Eddie Adams on February 1, 1968. The photo and film would become two of the most famous images in journalism and started to change the American public's views on their involvement in Vietnam.

Chen Yi

(1901 - June 6, 1972) was a Chinese communist military commander and politician. A comrade of Lin Biao from their guerilla days, Chen was a commander of the New Fourth Army during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), spearheaded the Shandong counter-offensive during the Chinese Civil War, and later commanded the Communist armies that defeated the KMT forces at Huai-Hai and conquered the lower Yangzi region in 1948-49. He was made a Marshal of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 1955.

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chen became mayor of Shanghai. He also served as foreign minister from 1958 to 1972. During the Cultural Revolution, he was purged in 1967, but not officially dismissed, so Zhou Enlai performed the duties of foreign minister in his place.

Deng Xiaoping

(August 22, 1904—February 19, 1997) was a revolutionary elder in the Communist Party of China (CPC) who served as the de facto ruler of the People's Republic of China from the late 1970s to the early 1990s, forming the core of the "second generation" CPC leadership. Under his tutelage, China developed one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

Kang Sheng

(1898–December 16, 1975), Communist Party of China official, was head of the People's Republic of China's security apparatus until his death, and was subsequently accused along with the Gang of Four of being responsible for persecutions during the Cultural Revolution.

Copyright Digital History 2016