Legislation of the 1920s>Brooklyn Eagle
Brooklyn Eagle, November 29, 1920
FRANCE, REPRESENTATIVE DYER TO URGE FEDERAL ANTI-LYNCHING
Source: Press Service
of the NAACP, Press Release: "Senator
France, Representative Dyer to Urge Federal Anti-Lynching
November 1920, NAACP Papers, Part 7: The Anti-Lynching Campaign,
1912-1955, Series B: Anti-Lynching Legislative and Publicity
Files, 1916-1955, Library of Congress (Microfilm, Reel 26,
Speak On December 9 Before Colored People of Brooklyn, In Academy
of Music Opera House.
of a federal anti-lynching law, which comes before Congress in
the next session, will be urged before a mass meeting held by
the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
in the Brooklyn Academy of Music Opera House, on the evening of
December 9. The speakers are to be Senator Joseph I. France of
Maryland; Representative Leonidas C. Dyer of Missouri, who introduced
the House bill; Mary B. Talbert, delegate to the International
Council of Women in Christiania; James Weldon Johnson, Secretary
of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People,
and Walter F. White, Assistant Secretary.
lynchings had occurred in the United States between January 1
and November 30, 1920, according to Mr. Johnson, who was seen
today at the office of the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People and evidence of these lynchings as well as of
the failure of local authorities to punish the lynchers is to
be laid before Congress. Mr. Johnson said the chances for passage
of a federal anti-lynching bill were excellent as the Committee
of the Judiciary had favorably reported on it.
of the most recent lynchings in the United States," said
Mr. Johnson, "occurred in the State of Georgia, where two
men and a woman, all colored, were shot down on unsupported accusations
of having participated in a murder.
year’s list of American atrocities adds fifty-four, and
there will doubtless be additional items, to the more than 3,500
lynchings which have occurred in the United States during the
last thirty years.
if ever are participants in lynching captured or prosecuted. Sheriffs
and local officers often do not dare to make a stand against the
lynching sentiment of their communities. Frequently state governors,
as in the case of Governor Bilbo of Mississippi, encourage the
mob spirit by publicly confessing their inability to cope with
answer to the growing murderous lawlessness in this country is
to place the enforcement of anti-lynching measures in the hands
of the federal government. The anti-lynching measure introduced
in the Senate by Senator Charles Curtis of Kansas and in the House
by Representative Dyer of Missouri, provides:
1. For a $10,000 fine to be paid by any county in which a lynching
2. For prosecution of negligent state and county officers in United
3. For trial on charges of murder in a United States court of
all participants in lynchings.
Brookly[n] meeting held by the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, is a step in a nation-wide campaign to end,
by invoking the power of the federal government, the greatest
shame in the United States."