Policy>The Grand National Caravan Moving East
The Grand National Caravan Moving East
lithograph on wove paper, 1833, Prints and
Photographs Division, Library of Congress
NOTE: This commentary on the political cartoon is from the
Library of Congress.
burlesque parade, led by Andrew Jackson and satirizing various
that the subject is Jackson's post-election visit to Boston;
Murrell suggests a parody of Democratic campaign parades.
In fact the print's publication did roughly coincide with
Jackson's triumphal tour of the eastern cities New York,
Philadelphia and Boston in late June and early July 1833.
(The Library's impression was deposited for copyright on
July 6, 1833). This artist's portrayal, however, is clearly
The procession moves from
right to left. At its head is Jackson, seated on a
horse with Martin Van Buren cross-legged
behind him. Next is a devil playing a fiddle, followed
by a mounted officer whose horse is one of two drawing
a wagon holding caged Indians, with a flag "Rights
of Man" and liberty cap.
Inside the cage a forlorn
Indian sings "Home! Sweet home!" This no
doubt refers to Jackson's controversial Indian resettlement
program, whereby thousands of Cherokees, Seminoles
other natives of the eastern United States were uprooted
and moved to less desirable lands farther West. It
probably refers to a specific casualty of this program,
leader Black Hawk, who in 1832 had led an unsuccessful
uprising to resist white incursion into Indian lands
Touring the Eastern United States as a prisoner
of war, Black Hawk and his party arrived in New York
on June 12, 1833, coinciding with Jackson's own visit
The singing Indian resembles Charles Bird King's
portrait of Black Hawk, painted in 1832.
In the background
are a cheering crowd, a hickory tree and a balloon overhead
marked "rising generation." The figures sing lyrics
from various songs.
- Jackson: "I've kissed and I've prattled
to fifty fair maids."
- Van Buren: "Had I a heart
for falshood fram'd."
- Devil: "When wild wars deadly
blast was blown."
- Soldier: "How happy's [the] soldier
that lives on his pay."
- Monkey atop the wagon: "Merrily
every bosom boundeth."
- Prostrate drunk in foreground: "Hail!
Columbia, happy land."
Flags with various messages fly
above the crowd, saying "See the Conquering Hero comes
/ Sound the trumpet beat the drums." and "Remember
the glories of Brien the Brave" and "Honour and
gratitude to the man who has filled the measure of his countrys
Atop the hickory tree flies a banner with "Heaven
send it happy dew, / Earth lend it sap anew / Gaily to burgeon
/ And broadly to grow." Below the title is the quote, "There
hath not been the like of them, neither shall there be any
more after them, even to the years of many generations."
print is particularly well drawn, and may be the work of
John Bufford. It compares closely to "The Government" (1834-12)
and "Grand Fantastical Parade" (1833-12), also
issued by Endicott & Swett in New York.