this window to return to the World in 1492
to the World History Quiz
People in ancient Sumer in what is now Iraq in about 3500 B.C.
For more information: http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/TRC/MESO/writing.html
were the first farmers?
People in southwestern Asia: Pacific islanders in the Solomon
For more information: First Farmers: The Origins of Agricultural
Societies By Peter S. Bellwood (2005)
were the first city dwellers?
Apparently the people who lived in Jericho, believed
to be one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the
world. Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of
over 20 successive settlements there, dating back to 9000 BC.
The first papermaking process was developed in
China during the early 2nd century. The Han Dynasty Chinese
court official Cai Lun is widely regarded to have invented
the modern method of papermaking (inspired from wasps and bees)
from wood pulp in AD 105 although paper was used earlier for
wrapping and padding.
invented the axle, the drill, and the chisel?
invented the compass and the abacus?
The Chinese invented both the compass and the abacus. The abacus
as we know it today, appeared about 1200 A.D. in China; in
magnetic compass was probably first made
during the Qin dynasty (221-206
invented the wheel?
The oldest wheel found in archeological excavations
was discovered in what was Mesopotamia and is believed to be
over fifty-five hundred years old.
The peoples of the Balkans and western Asia
invented the watermill and the windmill?
A windmill operating an organ is described as early
as the 1st century AD by Hero of Alexandria, marking probably
the first instance of a wind powering machine in history.Vertical
axle windmills were first used in eastern Persia (Sistan) by
the 9th century AD as described by Muslim geographers.Horizontal
axle windmills of the type generally used today were invented
in Northwestern Europe in the 1180s.
invented cement, porcelain, and enamel?
Cement: The earliest construction cements
such as clay slurry were used with
primitive mud bricks. Mud-based materials were also used for
rendering on the walls of timber or wattle and daub structures.
When fired bricks began to be used in larger
structures, various cultures started to experiment with higher-strength
mortars based on bitumen (in Mesopotamia), gypsum (in Egypt)
and lime (in many parts of the world). Concrete was first used
on a large scale by the Romans.
Porcelain: Experts believe the first true
porcelain was made in the province of Zhejiang during the Eastern
Han period (100 to 200 AD).
Enamel: The ancient Egyptians applied enamels
to pottery and stone objects. Other practitioners include the
Greeks, Celts, Russians, and the Chinese
bred potatoes, beans, strawberries, tomatoes, chocolate beans,
developed modern textile techniques?
The peoples of India
invented animal drawn two and four wheeled carts and ocean
people who lived in the river valeys of Mesopotamia, Egypt,
were the first people to organize food growing using irrigation
and drainage systems?
The peoples of Egypt and Mesopotamia
The peoples who lived in southeast and western Asia
were the first to use chariots and long range bows?
The Hyksos of western Asia
invented the concept of zero and the placement of number of
tens, hundreds, and thousands?
The people of India
invented geometry and trigonometry?
invented the gun?
built the most extensive empire in world history?
The Ottoman Turks